Community Land Trust Bibliography

Selected and Compiled by John Emmeus Davis [October 1, 2020]

Abrams, Amanda. 2019. A land trust model for seniors. Shelterforce (April 25). Available online at: https://shelterforce.org/2019/04/25/a-land-trust-model-for-seniors/

———. 2020. Lessons from the last housing crisis: how to get control of properties. Shelterforce (September 17). Available online at: https://shelterforce.org/2020/09/17/lessons-from-the-last-housing-crisis/

Abromowitz, David M. 1991. An essay on community land trusts: Towards permanently affordable housing. Mississippi Law Journal 61: 663–682.

———. 1992. Long-term affordability, community land trusts and ground leases. ABA Journal of Affordable Housing & Community Development Law 1(2): 5–6, 17.

———. 2000. An essay on community land trusts: Toward permanently affordable housing. In Property and values, ed. Charles Geisler and Gail Daneker, 213–231. Washington, DC: Island Press.

———. 2008. Addressing foreclosures: A great American dream neighborhood stabilization plan. Washington, DC: Center for American Progress.

Abromowitz, David, and Roz Greenstein. 2008. A foreclosure-free option. Boston Globe, January 23.

Abromowitz, David, and Kirby White. 2006. Deed restrictions and community land trust ground leases: Protecting long term affordable homeownership. Housing News Network, Journal of the Florida Housing Coalition 22 (May): 7–10, 24.

Abromowitz, David, and Kirby White. 2010. Deed restrictions and community land trust ground leases: Two Methods of establishing affordable homeownership restrictions. In The community land trust reader, ed. John Emmeus Davis, 327-334. Cambridge, MA: Lincoln Institute of Land Policy.

Aernouts, Nele and Michael Ryckewaert. 2017. Beyond housing: on the role of commoning in the establishment of a community land trust project. International Journal of Housing Policy. 1-19

Agrarian Trust. 2019. Woodland Community Land Trust: An antidote to extraction in rural Appalachia. Available at: https://agrariantrust.org/news/woodland-community-land-trust/

Agyeman, Julian and Kofi Boone. 2020. Land loss has plagued black America since emancipation – Is it time to look again at ‘black commons’ and collective ownership? The Conversation (June 18). Available at: https://theconversation.com/land-loss-has-plagued-black-america-since-emancipation-is-it-time-to-look-again-at-black-commons-and-collective-ownership-140514

Aird, Jennifer. 2010. Reviving community ownership in England: CLTs are ready to take over the land. In The community land trust reader, ed. John Emmeus Davis, 449-463. Cambridge, MA: Lincoln Institute of Land Policy.

Algoed, Line, Maria E. Hernandez Torrales, and Lyvia Rodriguez Del Valle. 2018. El Fideicomiso de la Tierra del Caño Martín Peña instrumento notable de regularización de suelo en asentamientos informales. Working Paper. Cambridge, MA: Lincoln Institute of Land Policy.

Algoed, Line and Maria E. Hernandez Torrales. 2019. This land is ours. Vulnerabilization and resistance in informal settlements in Puerto Rico: Lessons from the Caño Martín Peña Community Land Trust, Radical Housing Journal, Issue 1.1.

Algoed, L., A. Cotté Morales, T. Fidalgo Ribeiro, M.E. Hernández Torrales, L. Rodriguez Del Valle and T. Williamson. 2019. Community land trusts and informal settlements: Assessing the feasibility of CLT instruments developed by the Caño Martin Peña communities in Puerto Rico for Favelas in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Working Paper. Cambridge: Lincoln Institute of Land Policy.

Algoed, Line, María E. Hernández-Torrales, Lyvia Rodriguez Del Valle, and Karla Torres Sueiro. 2020. Seeding the CLT in Latin America and the Caribbean: origins, achievements, and the proof-of-concept example of the Caño Martin Pena CLT. Chapter 11 in J.E. Davis, Line Algoed, and Maria E. Hernandez-Torrales (eds.). On common ground: international perspectives on the community land trust. Madison, WI: Terra Nostra Press.

Algoed, Line and Geert De Pauw. 2020. De opmars van de internationale community land trust beweging. AGORA. 2020-1 Jaargang 36: 15-18.

Angotti, Thomas. 2007. Community land trusts and low-income multifamily rental housing: The case of Cooper Square, New York City. Working Paper WP07TA1, Cambridge, MA: Lincoln Institute of Land Policy.

Apgar, William. 2004. Rethinking rental housing: Expanding the ability of rental housing to serve as a pathway to economic and social opportunity. Working Paper Series, WO4–11. Cambridge, MA: Joint Center for Housing Studies, Harvard University.

Ansanelli, Sean, Lola Feiger, Pete Harrison, Lauren Hoogkamer, Meg MacIver, Jaime Shedletsky, Baiyue Tian, and Qiwen Wu. 2012. Community land trusts in New York City. Unpublished report. Available at: http://cltnetwork.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/2012-CLTs-in-NYC.pdf

Arnold Pierre, Jerónimo Díaz, and Line Algoed. 2020. Collective land ownership in Latin America and the Caribbean, past and present. Chapter 10 in J.E. Davis, Line Algoed, and Maria E. Hernandez-Torrales (eds.). On common ground: international perspectives on the community land trust. Madison, WI: Terra Nostra Press.

Arrunada, Benito and Amon Lehavi. 2010. Prime property institutions for a subprime era: Toward innovative models of homeownership. Berkeley Business Law Journal 8: 1-34.

Attard, Jean-Philippe. 2012. Dissociation de la propriete du sol et du logement: Transposition des practiques des community land trusts aux activites de l’etablissement public foncier D’ile de France.  Paris: Establissement Public Foncier.

———.  2014. Du community land trust aux organismes fonciers solidaires: Histoire d’une filiation et introduction du CLT en France.  Chapter 12 in J.E. Davis (ed.) Manuel d’antispeculation immobiliere. Montreal: Les Editions Ecosociete.

Axel-Lute, Miriam. 2010. Homeownership today and tomorrow: Building Assets while preserving affordability.  Washington DC: Cornerstone Partnership.

———. 2011.  CLTs go commercial.  Shelterforce no. 166 (Summer): 32-35.

———. 2017.  New York City becomes a hotbed of community land trust innovation. Shelterforce Weekly, November 7.

———. 2018.  What does community control of land mean? Collection of 17 mini-essays solicited and edited by Miriam Axel-Lute. Excerpts appeared in Shelterforce #190, Spring: 36-37. The essays can be read in full at bit.ly/SF190CommunityControl. Also available at:  https://shelterforce.org/2018/05/02/what-does-community-control-of-land-mean/

———. 2018.  Is the housing market the answer to the racial wealth gap? Shelterforce. October 29. Available at: https://shelterforce.org/2018/10/29/is-the-housing-market-the-answer-to-the-racial-wealth-gap/

———. 2019.  New Communities Inc. at 50: thoughts on identity and a different way forward. Shelterforce Weekly (October 11). Available at: https://shelterforce.org/2019/10/11/new-communities-inc-at-50-thoughts-on-identity-and-a-different-way-forward/?utm_source=sfweekly&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=101519

Axel-Lute, Miriam, John Emmeus Davis, and Harold Simon. 2012. Cheaper together: How neighbors invest in community. YES! Magazine 62 (Summer): 30-33.

Axel-Lute, Miriam and Dana Hawkins-Simons. 2015. Community land trusts grown from the grassroots.  Land Lines (July): 21-25, 35-36.

Axel-Lute, Miriam and Dana Hawkins-Simons. 2015. Organizing and the community land trust model.  Shelterforce no. 180 (Fall): 40-44.

Bagdol, Alese. 2013.  Property taxes and community land trusts: A middle ground.  Texas Law Review 91 (no. 939).

Bailey, N. 2010. Building sustainable communities from the grassroots: How community land trust can create social sustainability. Pp. 49-64 in T. Manzi, K. Lucas, T. Lloyd-Jones, and J. Allen (Eds.). Social sustainability in urban areas: Communities, connectivity and the urban fabric. London: Earthscan.

Baiocchi, Gianpaolo et al. 2015. Under one roof: Global lessons in the struggle for democratic housing. A Right To The City Report written in collaboration with the Urban Democracy Lab, New York University.

Baker, A. 1992. This land is not for sale. Social Policy 22(4): 24–35.

Baldassari, Carol. 1988. A catalogue of methods for preserving affordable housing. Boston:

Metropolitan Planning Council.

———. 1989. Limited equity homeownership: programs that create and protect affordable housing. Boston: Metropolitan Planning Council.

Baldwin, Ben. 2016. Networked community land trusts: An analysis of existing models and needs assessment for the Greater Boston Community Land Trust Network. Unpublished MA Thesis, Urban and Environmental Policy and Planning, Tufts University.

Basile, Patricia and Meagan M. Ehlenz. 2020. Examining responses to informality in the Global South: A framework for community land trusts and informal settlements. Habitat International 96. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.habitatint.2019.102108

Bassett, Ellen M. 2005. Tinkering with tenure: The planning implications of the community land trust experiment in Voi, Kenya. Habitat International 29: 375–398.

———. 2007. The persistence of the commons: economic theory and community decision-making on land tenure in Voi, Kenya. African Studies Quarterly 9 (3): 1–29.

Bassett, Ellen M., and Harvey M. Jacobs. 1997. Community-based tenure reform in urban Africa: The community land trust experiment in Voi, Kenya. Land Use Policy 14(3): 215–229.

Benello, C. George, Robert Swann, and Shann Turnbull. 1997 (2nd edition).  Building sustainable communities: tools and concepts for self-reliant economic growth. New York: Bootstrap Press.

Bergeron, Emily. 2006. Community land trusts: Using historic preservation for affordable housing in the Florida Keys. In Contributions of historic preservation to the quality of life in Florida, ed. Timothy McLendon et al., chapter 7. Gainesville: Florida Department of State, Division of Historical Resources, Bureau of Historic Preservation.

Bevington, P. 2008. Community Land Trusts – Learning from the USA: An Account of the KTP/Arena Housing Group Research Visit to the United States to Learn about the Community Land Trust Model and Its Potential Transferability to Anfield and Breckfield, Liverpool, 9–18 October.

Binkovitz, Leah. 2018. In Houston, a radical approach to affordable housing. Kinder Institute for Urban Research, Rice University. Available at: https://kinder.rice.edu/2018/06/06/houston-radical-approach-affordable-housing

Blackmore, John. 1978. Community trusts offer a hopeful way back to the land. Smithsonian 9 (June).

Blumgart, Jake. 2015. Housing’s forever solution. Next City (August 10). Available at: https://nextcity.org/features/view/affordable-housings-forever-solution

———. 2015. Community group turns to land trusts in Kensington. PhillyVoice.  (September 4). Available at: http://www.phillyvoice.com/community-group-turns-to-land-trusts-in-kensington/

———. 2015. Have we been wasting affordable housing money? Rooflines. Posted December 3.

Boucher, Norman. 1990. The death and life of Dudley: A lesson in urban economics. Boston Globe Magazine, April 18.

Bourassa, Steven C. 2006. The Community land trust as a highway environmental impact mitigation tool. Journal of Urban Affairs 28. Available as Working Paper WP05SB1, Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, http://www.lincolninst.edu/pubs/pub-detail.asp?id=1072.

———. 2006. Community land trusts and housing affordability. In Land policies and their outcomes, ed. Gregory K. Ingram and Yu-Hung Hong, 331–366. Cambridge, MA: Lincoln Institute of Land Policy.

Brey, Jared. 2020. From revitalization to preservation in an Atlanta neighborhood. NextCity (September 8). Available at: https://nextcity.org/daily/entry/from-revitalization-to-preservation-in-an-atlanta-neighborhood

Briechle, Kendra J. 2006. OPAL Commons and Bonnie Brae. In Conservation-based affordable housing, 79–81. Arlington, VA: Conservation Fund.

Broberg Brad.  2012.  Sustainable solutions: Shared equity and trusts provide a path to sustainable homeownership. On common ground (Winter): 46-51.

Bryden, John and Charles Geisler. Community-based land reform: lessons from Scotland. In The community land trust reader, ed. John Emmeus Davis, 475-498. Cambridge, MA: Lincoln Institute of Land Policy.

Bunce, Susannah. 2016. Pursuing urban commons: Politics and alliances in community land trust activism in East London, Antipode 48 (1): 134-150.

Bunce, Susannah and Farrah Chanda Aslam. 2016. Land trusts and the protection and conservation of land in Canada: Exploring non-governmental land trust practices and the role of urban community land trusts. Canadian Journal of Urban Research 25 (2): 23-34.

Bunce, Susannah and Joshua Brandt. 2020. Origins and evolution of community land trusts in Canada. Chapter 7 in J.E. Davis, Line Algoed, and Maria E. Hernandez-Torrales (eds.). On common ground: international perspectives on the community land trust. Madison, WI: Terra Nostra Press.

Burns, Heather. 2007. Retention or recapture: A comparison of two Seattle first-time homebuyer subsidy programs. Unpublished MPA thesis, Evans School of Public Affairs, University of Washington.

Cabannes, Yves and Philipp Ross. 2020. The once and future garden city. Chapter 2 in J.E. Davis, Line Algoed, and Maria E. Hernandez-Torrales (eds.). On common ground: international perspectives on the community land trust. Madison, WI: Terra Nostra Press.

Cahen, Claire, Jakob Schneider, and Susan Saegert. 2017. The politics of community land trusts: comparative genealogies of resident participation. Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the Urban Affairs Association, Minneapolis, MN: April 21.

Cahen, Claire, Jakob Schneider, and Susan Saegert. 2019. Victories from insurgency: Renegotiating housing, community control, and citizenship at the margins. Antipode, 51: 1416-1435.

Cahen, Claire, Erin Lilli, and Susan Saegert. 2020. Ethical action in the age of austerity: cases of care in two community land trusts. Housing Studies. Published online: 17 August.

Campbell, Marcia Canton, and Danielle A. Salus. 2003. Community and conservation land trusts as unlikely partners? The case of Troy Gardens, Madison, Wisconsin. Land Use Policy 20:169–180.

Carlsson, Anna.  2019. Shared equity housing: a review of existing literature. Joint Center for Housing Studies. Harvard University. Available at: https://www.jchs.harvard.edu/sites/default/files/harvard_jchs_shared_equity_housing_lit_review_carlsson_2019.pdf

Case, Nancy Humphrey. 2012. A counterweight to foreclosure crisis: Community land trusts? Christian Science Monitor. March 7, 2012.

Chen, Michelle. 2017. The solution to our housing crisis is to let communities own property. The Nation (August 29).

Choi, Myungshik, Shannon Van Zandt, and David Matarrita-Cascante. 2017. Can community land trusts slow gentrification? Journal of Urban Affairs. Published on line: 27 September.

Ciardullo, Maxwell and Emily Thaden. 2013. Community land trusts have renters too. Shelterforce, vol. 35, no. 1 (Spring): 42-44, 50.

Cirillo, Marie. 2001. Stories from an Appalachian community. Twentieth Annual E.F. Schumacher Lecture, presented at Salisbury, CT, October 2000.  Reprinted in The Community Land Trust Reader, 2010, John Emmeus Davis (ed.), Cambridge, MA: Lincoln Institute of Land Policy.

Citizens’ Housing and Planning Association. 1990. Looking to the future: A report on mechanisms for preserving the long-term affordability of privately owned, publicly assisted housing in Massachusetts. Boston: Author.

———. 2002. Alternative development and ownership models. In Taking the initiative: A guidebook on creating local affordable housing strategies, chapter 8. Boston: Author.

Cohen, Helen. 1994. Diminishing returns: A critical look at subsidy recapture. In The affordable city: Toward a third sector housing policy, ed. J. E. Davis, 107–121. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Cohen, Josh. 2020. When cops evicted these moms, the housing conversation changed. Yes! Magazine

(February 10). Available at: https://www.yesmagazine.org/economy/2020/02/10/oakland-moms-housing-land-trust/

Cohen, Rebecca and Emily Salomon. 2010. Building in affordability. Shelterforce 32 (4): 24-27.

Collins, Chuck, and Kirby White. 1994. Boston in the 1980s: Toward a social housing policy. In The affordable city: Toward a third sector housing policy, ed. J. E. Davis, 201–225. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Community Finance Solutions. 2008. Placeshaping: A toolkit for urban community land trusts. Salford, England: Community Finance Solutions at the University of Salford.

———. 2008. Ready to take over the land: Sponsored briefing on community land trusts. New Start (November 14): 22–25.

———. 2008. Then we’ll do it ourselves: A Report on the rural community land trusts part of the Community Land Trust National Demonstration Programme. Salford, England: University of Salford and Wessex Reinvestment Trust.

———. 2009. Lessons from the first 150 homes: evaluation of the National Community Land Trust Demonstration Programme 2006–2008. Salford, England: University of Salford.

Community Finance Solutions & New Economic Foundation. 2005. Capturing value for rural communities: community land trusts and sustainable rural communities. Wetherby, England: Countryside Agency Publications.

Community Legal Resources. 2005. Community land trusts: a primer for local officials. Detroit, MI: Community Legal Resources, Community Land Trust Project. http://www.community-wealth.org/_pdfs/articles-publications/clts/paper-community.pdf.

Conaty, Pat, Johnston Birchall, Steve Bendle, and Rosemary Foggitt. 2003. Common ground—for mutual home ownership: community land trusts and shared-equity co-operatives to secure permanently affordable homes for key workers. London: New Economics Foundation and CDS Co-operatives.

Conaty, Pat and Michael Lewis. 2011. Affordability locked in.  i4 e-journal (Canadian Centre for Community Renewal).  Available at: www.communityrenewal.ca/sites/all/files/resources/i42011Nov11_Affordability.pdf

Conaty, Pat and Martin Large (eds.). 2013.  Commons sense: co-operative place making and the capturing of land value for 21st Century Garden Cities.  Manchester: Co-operatives UK.

Corey, Jeff. 2009. Community land trust: A model for all markets? Shelterforce 31(3&4): 50-53.

 

Cotto Cándida. 2020. En busca de tierras a perpetuidad para la agricultura sostenible. Claridad. Available at: https://www.claridadpuertorico.com/en-busca-de-tierras-a-perpetuidad-para-la-agricultura-sostenible/

Crabtree, Louise. 2008. Models of perpetually affordable homeownership: report and case studies from the United States of America. Sydney, Australia: Urban Research Centre, University of Western Sydney.

———. 2008. The role of tenure, work and cooperativism in sustainable urban livelihoods. ACME: An International E-Journal for Critical Geographies 7(2):260–282.

———. 2010. Fertile ground for CLT development in Australia. In The community land trust reader, ed. John Emmeus Davis, 464-474. Cambridge, MA: Lincoln Institute of Land Policy.

Crabtree Louise, Peter Phibbs, Vivienne Milligan, and Hazel Blunden.  2012.  Principles and practices of an affordable housing community land trust model. Sydney: Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute.

Crabtree, Louise, Hazel Blunden, Vivienne Milligan, Peter Phibbs, and Carolyn Sappideen (with Nicole Moore).  2012.  Community land trusts and indigenous housing options.  Sydney: Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute.

Crabtree, Louise, Hazel Blunden, Vivienne Milligan, Peter Phibbs, Carolyn Sappideen, Derek Mortimer, Avril Shahib-Smith, and Lisa Chung.  2013.  The Australian community land trust manual.  Sydney: University of Western Sydney.  Available at: http://site.ebrary.com/lib/sydneydash/docDetail.action?docID=80115260

Crabtree, Louise, Nicole Moore, Peter Phibbs, Hazel Blunden, and Carolyn Sappideen. 2015. Community land trusts and indigenous communities: from strategies to outcomes. Sydney: Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute, University of Western Sydney.

Crabtree, Louise, Carolyn Sappideen, Stewart Lawler, Rebecca Conroy, and Joanne McNeill. 2019. Enabling community land trusts in Australia. Victoria, Australia: Arena Publications.

Cramer, Reid. 2009. In pursuit of a responsible homeownership policy. Shelterforce 31 (2): 22-25.

Crowe, Daniel. 2004. Community land trusts & mutual housing models: a research report for the mayor of London. London: GLA Housing and Homelessness Unit, Greater London Authority.

Curtin, Julie Farrell, and Lance Bocarsly. 2008. CLTs: A growing trend in affordable home ownership. Journal of Affordable Housing and Community Development Law 17(4):367–394.

Curtis, Allison. 2018. Extending community control over commercial development: community land trusts and community finance models. Unpublished Masters Thesis. Urban and Environmental Policy and Planning. Tufts University.

Davidson, Elke. 2012. Growing partnerships between Atlanta’s land bank authority, community land trusts and community development corporations.  Unpublished research report commissioned by the Fulton County-City of Atlanta Land Bank Authority.

Davis, Diane E. and Mia Charlene White. 2013. Community land trusts as a means for urban poverty alleviation: Can collective property rights be the key to a socially sustainable and inclusive urban future? In Alicia Ziccardi (ed.), Cities, the Knowledge Economy, and Social Inequality, vol. I. Mexico: National Autonomous University of Mexico/PUEC. [Title in Spanish: “El fideicomiso de propiedad comunitaria come recurso para reducer la pobreza urbana: pueden los derechos a la propiedad colectiva ser la clave para alcanzarun future incluyente y socialment sustantable en la ciudad? In Ciudades del 2010: Entre la Sociedad del Conocimiento y la Desiqualdad Social.]

Davis, John Emmeus. 1983. CLTs and the politics of ownership. Community Economics 2 (Fall).

———. 1984. Reallocating equity: A land trust model of land reform. In Land reform, American style, ed. Charles C. Geisler and Frank J. Popper, 209–232. Totowa, NJ: Rowman & Allanheld.

———. 1990. An interview with John Davis. Community Economics 21 (Fall).

———. 1991. Contested ground: collective action and the urban neighborhood. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

———. 1994. The affordable city: Toward a third sector housing policy. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

———. 2000. Homemaking: The pragmatic politics of third sector housing. In Property and values, ed. Charles Geisler and Gail Daneker, 233–258. Washington, DC: Island Press.

———. 2005. A Primer on Membership Development for Community Land Trusts.

CLT Resource Center, www.burlingtonassociates.com.

———. 2006. Between devolution and the deep blue sea: What’s a city or state to do? In A Right to Housing, ed. Rachael Bratt, Michael Stone, and Chester Hartman, 364-398. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

———. 2006. Shared equity homeownership: The changing landscape of resale-restricted, owner-occupied housing. Montclair, NJ: National Housing Institute.

———. 2006. Starting a Community Land Trust: Organizational and Operational Choices. CLT Resource Center, www.burlingtonassociates.com.

———. 2007. Toward a common agenda: Growing shared equity housing. Shelterforce 29(1):26–27.

———. 2008. Homes that last: The case for counter-cyclical stewardship. Shelterforce 30(4):18–25.

———. 2009. Community land trusts: The developer that doesn’t go away. Around the House 77 (June): 7–9.

———. 2009. Shared equity homeownership: Designed to last. Communities and Banking 20(4).

———. 2010. Origins and evolution of the community land trust in the United States. In The community land trust reader, ed. John Emmeus Davis, 3-47. Cambridge, MA: Lincoln Institute of Land Policy.

———. 2010. The community land trust reader.  Cambridge, MA: Lincoln Institute of Land Policy.

———. 2010. More than money: What is shared in shared equity homeownership? ABA Journal of Affordable Housing & Community Development Law 19 (3&4): 259-277.

______. 2011.  Community builders interview: John Emmeus Davis, Cofounder of Burlington Associates in Community Development and Dean of the National CLT Academy.  Democracy Collaborative (April).  Available at: www.community-wealth.org/strategies/cw-interviews.html

______. 2012.  Shared-equity homeownership.  In Encyclopedia of Housing (Second Edition), ed. Andrew T. Carswell, 666-670.  Los Angeles, CA: Sage Publications.

______. 2013.  No time for timidity.  Cooperative Housing Bulletin. (February) Available at: http://www.coophousing.org/DisplayPage.aspx?id=1526

______. 2014. Postscript: A community land trust perspective on building the next generation of Garden Cities. Pp, 187-197 in Philip Ross and Yves Cabannes, 21st Century Garden Cities of To-Morrow: A manifesto.

______. 2014. Manuel d’antispeculation immobiliere.  Montreal: Les Editions Ecosociete.

______. 2017. Affordable for good: Building inclusive communities through homes that last. Atlanta, GA: Habitat for Humanity International.

______. 2017. Common ground: Community-owned land as a platform for equitable and sustainable development. University of San Francisco Law Journal 51 (issue 1).

______. 2020. From model to movement: the growth of community land trusts in the United States. Chapter 6 in J.E. Davis, Line Algoed, and Maria E. Hernandez-Torrales (eds.). On common ground: international perspectives on the community land trust. Madison, WI: Terra Nostra Press. ______. 2020. Better together: the challenging, transformative complexity of community, land, and trust. Chapter 26 in J.E. Davis, Line Algoed, and Maria E. Hernandez-Torrales (eds.). On common ground: international perspectives on the community land trust. Madison, WI: Terra Nostra Press.

Davis, John Emmeus and Charles C. Geisler. 1983. The role of alternative land institutions in employment and local economic development. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Rural Sociological Society, Lexington, KY.

Davis, John Emmeus, Tim McKenzie, and Diana Carminati. 1993. Designing a home equity living plan for Madison, Wisconsin: a pre-feasibility study. Madison, WI: Madison Area Community Land Trust and Independent Living, Inc.

Davis, John Emmeus and Amy Demetrowitz. 2003. Permanently affordable homeownership: does the community land trust deliver on its promises? Burlington, VT: Burlington Community Land Trust.

Davis, John Emmeus and Rick Jacobus. 2008. The city-CLT partnership: municipal support for community land trusts. Policy Focus Report. Cambridge, MA: Lincoln Institute of Land Policy.

Davis, John Emmeus and Alice Stokes. 2009. Lands in trust, homes that last: a performance evaluation of the Champlain Housing Trust. Burlington, VT: Champlain Housing Trust. Available at: http://www.getahome.org/learn-more/publications

Davis, John Emmeus and Greg Rosenberg. 2014. Roots & Branches: a gardener’s guide to the origins and evolution of the community land trust.  An online archive of historical documents and photographs launched in 2014 and updated biannually. Available at: www.cltweb.org

Davis, John Emmeus, Line Algoed, and Maria E. Hernandez-Torrales (eds.). 2020. On common ground: international perspectives on the community land trust. Madison, WI: Terra Nostra Press.

———. 2020. La inseguridad de la tenencia de la tierra en América Latina y el Caribe: el control comunitario de la tierra como prevención del desplazamiento. [A Common Ground Monograph] Madison, WI: Terra Nostra Press.

———. 2020. Why community land trusts: the philosophy behind an unconventional form of tenure. [A Common Ground Monograph] Madison, WI: Terra Nostra Press.

———. 2020. Community land trust applications in urban neighborhoods. [A Common Ground Monograph] Madison, WI: Terra Nostra Press.

Dayson Karl, Steve Bendle, and Bob Paterson. 2007. Community land trusts: a practitioner’s guide. Salford, England: Community Finance Solutions.

DeFilippis, James. 2001. The myth of social capital in community development. Housing Policy Debate 12(4): 781–806.

———. 2002. Equity vs. equity: Community control of land and housing in the United States. Local Economy 17(2): 149–153.

———. 2004. Unmaking Goliath: community control in the face of global capital. New York: Routledge.

———. 2017. The commodity effects of de-commodification: Community land trusts and neighborhood property values. Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the Urban Affairs Association, Minneapolis, MN: April 21.

———. 2017. On the political meanings of the transformations of property and ownership in the United States. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Association of Geographers, Boston.

DeFilippis, James, Olivia R. Williams, Joseph Pierce, Deborah G. Martin, Rich Kruger, and Azadeh Hadizadeh Esfahani. 2019. On the transformative potential of community land trusts in the United States. Antipode (February 12).

DeFilippis, James, Brian Stromberg, and Olivia R. Williams. 2018. W(h)ither the community in community land trusts? Journal of Urban Affairs.

DeFilippis, James, Fisher, R., and Shragge, E. 2006. Neither romance nor regulation: re-evaluating community. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 30 (3): 673–89.

De Pauw, Geert. 2018. Grond niet te koop. Gemeenschapsgrond als basis voor een rechtvaardige en duurzame stad in het Community Land Trust model. In A. Kuhk, Holemans, D. & Van den Broeck, P. (eds.). Op grond van Samenwerking. Woningen, voedsel en trage wegen als heruitgevonden commons. Leuven: EPO.

De Pauw, Geert and Orlando Sereno Regis. 2011. Etude de faisabilité des community land trusts

en région bruxelloise.  Rapport présenté au Cabinet du secrétaire d’Etat au Logement par le consortium composé de Periferia, Maison de Quartier Bonnevie, CREDAL, Development of Planning Unit, Gut‐T et Lydian Lawyers.

De Pauw, Geert and Joaquin de Santos. 2020. Beyond England: origins and evolution of the CLT movement in Europe. Chapter 9 in J.E. Davis, Line Algoed, and Maria E. Hernandez-Torrales (eds.). On common ground: international perspectives on the community land trust. Madison, WI: Terra Nostra Press.

De Pauw, Geert and Nele Aernouts. 2020. From pressure group to government partner: the story of the Brussels Community Land Trust. Chapter 21 in J.E. Davis, Line Algoed, and Maria E. Hernandez-Torrales (eds.). On common ground: international perspectives on the community land trust. Madison, WI: Terra Nostra Press.

Diacon, Diane, Richard Clarke, and Silvia Guimaraes. 2005. Redefining the commons: locking in value through community land trusts. Coalville, Leicestershire, UK: Building and Social Housing Foundation.

Dubb, Steve. 2016. Land banks & community land trusts: Interview of Rosalind Greenstein. Pp. 231-240 in Conversations on community wealth building. Washington, DC: The Democracy Collaborative (Interview conducted in 2007).

———. 2016. Land banks & community land trusts: Interview of John Emmeus Davis. Pp. 255-274 in Conversations on community wealth building. Washington, DC: The Democracy Collaborative (Interview conducted in 2011).

———. 2017. DC adopts community land trust approach to avert further gentrification. Nonprofit Quarterly (October 2).

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Williamson, Thad, David Imbroscio, and Gar Alperovitz. 2002. Community land trusts and community agriculture. In Making a place for community, 249–262. New York: Routledge.

Witt, Susan. 1985. Regional responsibility for farmland. Newsletter of the E.F. Schumacher

       Society (Spring).

Witt, Susan, and Jay Rossier. 2000. A new lease on farmland:
assuring a future for farming in the Northeast, rev. ed. Great Barrington, MA: Center for New Economics.

Witt, Susan, and Robert Swann. 2005. Land: the challenge and the opportunity. Great Barrington, MA: Center for New Economics.

Witte, Pete. 2012.  Community land trusts in Atlanta, Georgia: a central server model.  HUD User, EDGE online magazine (November 27).  Available at: http://www.huduser.org/portal/pdredge/pdr_edge_inpractice_112312.html

Yahya, S.S. 2002. Community land trusts and other tenure innovations in Kenya. In G. Payne (ed.), Land, Rights and Innovation: Improving Tenure Security for the Urban Poor. London: ITDG Publishing.

Yellen, James.  2017. Community land trusts as neighborhood stabilization: A case study of Oakland and beyond. Unpublished MCP thesis, Department of City and Regional Planning, University of California, Berkeley.

Young Foundation. 2010. A Review of Urban Community Land Trusts in England: lessons and Practical Advice.  Available at: www.youngfoundation.org/a-review-urban-community-land-trusts-england-lessons-and-practical-advice-september-2010

Young, Pam Clay and Doug Kreis. 2020. Social justice mitigation in transportation projects: Why and how Lexington Fayette urban county government can support the Lexington Community Land Trust’s path to self-sustainability. (Report Number: KKTTCC-2-10-90-91/6F/RSTP2R2026-14F2) Lexington KY: Kentucky Transportation Center, College of Engineering, University of Kentucky.

Youngblood, Mtamanika and Harold M. Barnette. 2010. Atlanta’s Pittsburgh neighborhood: building the sustainable urban community. Shelterforce 32 (4): 20-23.

Yuen, Jeffrey. 2012. Hybrid vigor: An analysis of land tenure arrangements in addressing land security for urban community gardens. Unpublished thesis, Master of Science in Urban Planning, Columbia University.

Yuen, Jeffrey. 2014. City farms on CLTs: how community land trusts are supporting urban agriculture. Land Lines 26 (2): 2-9.

Yuen, Jeffrey and Greg Rosenberg. 2012. Hanging onto the land.  Shelterforce 34 (Fall), #171, 30-33.

Zárate, Lorena. 2018. By the people, for the people: social and environmental revitalization of the Cano Martin Pena, Puerto Rico. URBANET (August 22, 2018). Available at: https://www.urbanet.info/cano-martin-pena/

Zehner, Emma. Land banks and community land trusts partner to unlock affordable housing opportunities. Land Lines. (Cambridge MA: Lincoln Institute of Land Policy).

Zonta, Michela. 2016. Community land trusts: A promising tool for expanding and protecting affordable housing. Washington, DC: Center for Community Progress.

———. 2020. Expanding the Supply of Affordable housing for Low-wage Workers. Washington, DC: Center for Community Progress. Available at: https://www.americanprogress.org/issues/economy/reports/2020/08/10/488313/expanding-supply-affordable-housing-low-wage-workers/

 

 

Documentary Films & Videos

 

Chasnoff, Deborah, and Helen Cohen. 1998. Homes & hands: community land trusts in action. Video produced for the Institute for Community Economics by Women’s Educational Media. Distributed by New Day Films, Hohokus, NJ.

Cohen, Helen and Mark Lipman. 2013. Streets of dreams: Development without displacement in communities of color. Video produced by Open Studio Productions.

Cohen, Helen and Mark Lipman. 2016. Arc of justice: the rise, fall, and rebirth of a beloved community. Video produced by Open Studio Productions. [Viewer’s Guide, Backstory, Chronology, biographical sketches of main characters, and other resource materials available at www.arcofjusticefilm.com]

Elliott, Debbie. 2019. Five decades later, New Communities land trust still helps black farmers. Morning Edition, National Public Radio (Originally broadcast on October 3, 2019). Available at:  https://www.npr.org/2019/10/03/766706906/5-decades-later-communities-land-trust-still-helps-black-farmers

Lipman, Mark and Leah Mahan. 1996. Holding ground: The rebirth of Dudley Street. Distributed by New Day Films.

Lipman, Mark and Leah Mahan. 2013. Gaining ground: Building community on Dudley Street. Distributed by New Day Films.

Shirley Miller Sherrod oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Albany, Georgia, 2011 September 15. Library of Congress. (https://www.loc.gov/item/2015669149/)

———. 2016. Free the land: Shirley Sherrod and black land struggles in the South." Laura Flanders Show, August 16. Available at:

 

 

Supplementary readings

 

Avilia, C.  1983.  Ownership: early Christian teaching.  Maryknoll NY: Orbis Books.

 

Barnes, Peter (ed.). 1975.  The people’s land.  Emmaus, PA: Rodale Press.

Barnes, Peter. 2004. Sharing the wealth of the commons. Dollars & Sense, no. 256.

———. 2006. Trusteeship of creation. In Capitalism 3.0: A guide to reclaiming the commons, chapter 6. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers.

Bechtel, Judith A. and Robert M. Coughlin. 1991. Building the beloved community: Maurice McCrackin’s life for peace and civil rights.  Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press.

Barker, Charles Albro. 1974.  Henry George. Greenwood Press.

Borsodi, Ralph. 1968. The possessional problem. In Seventeen problems of man and society. Anand, India: Charotar Book Stall. Reprinted in The Community Land Trust Reader, 2010, John Emmeus Davis (ed.), Cambridge, MA: Lincoln Institute of Land Policy.

———. 1974. Plowboy interview: Dr. Ralph Borsodi. Mother Earth News, no. 26 (March/April).  Reprinted in The Community Land Trust Reader, 2010, John Emmeus Davis (ed.), Cambridge, MA: Lincoln Institute of Land Policy.

Branch, Taylor. 1988. Almost Christmas in Albany.  Chapter Fourteen, Parting the waters: America in the King years, 1954-63. New York: Simon and Schuster.

Bunting Eve.  2001. Charisma stability and change: An analysis of Bhoodan-Gramdan Movement in India.  Thompson Press.

Cabannes, Yves and Philip Ross.  2014.  21st Century garden cities of to-morrow: A manifesto. Letchworth Garden City: New Garden City Movement.

Catholic Bishops of the Heartland. 1980.  Strangers and guests: Toward community in the heartland. Sioux Falls SD: Heartland Project.

Cline, David P. 2016. Into the heart of the beast: Ministry in the fields and towns of southwest Georgia, 1965-1968. Pp. 90-119 (Chapter Four) in From reconciliation to revolution: The Student Interracial Ministry, Liberal Christianity, and the Civil Rights Movement. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Deming, Barbara. 1966. Prison notes.  Boston, MA: Beacon Press.

Garrow, David J. 1986. Albany and lessons for the future, 1961-1962.  Chapter Four, Bearing the cross: Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference.  New York: William Morrow and Company, Inc.

Gandhi, Mohandas K. 1960. Trusteeship. Ahemadabad, India: Navajivan Trust.

George, Henry.1998. Progress and poverty (Abridged edition).  New York: Robert Schalkenbach Foundation.

Golden, Jeffrey.  1971. Watermelon summer: A journal.  New York: J.B. Lippincott Company.

Hall, Peter. 2002. Cities of tomorrow, 3rd ed. Malden, Massachusetts: Blackwell.

Hall, Peter and C. Ward. 1998. Sociable cities: the legacy of Ebenezer Howard. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.

Hardy, Dennis. 2000. Utopian England: Community experiments 1900-1945.  London/New York: Routledge.

Hicks, George L. 2001. Experimental Americans: Celo and utopian community in the twentieth century. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

Howard, Ebenezer. 1965. Garden cities of to-morrow. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

K’Meyer, Tracy Elaine. 1997. Interracialism and Christian community in the postwar south: The Story of Koinonia Farm.  Charlottesville, VA: University of Virginia Press.

Knight, Caroline E., Sarah Poteete, Amy Sparrow, and Jessica C. Wrye. 2002. “From the Ground Up: The Community-Building of Marie Cirillo.” Appalachian Journal, Vol. 30, No. 1 (FALL ): 30-56.

Lee, Dallas. 1971. The cotton patch evidence: The story of Clarence Jordan and the Koinonia Farm experiment (1942-1970).  Americus, GA: Koinonia Partners.

Loomis, Mildred J. 1978. Ralph Borsodi’s principles for homesteaders. Land & Liberty (November–December).

Loomis, Mildred J. 1980. Decentralism, where it came from and where is it going? Montreal: Black Rose Books.

Loomis, Mildred J. Undated.  Ralph Borsodi, reshaping modern culture: The story of the School of Living and its founder.  Julian, PA: School of Living.

Mallach, Alan. 2011. Building sustainable homeownership: Rethinking public policy toward lower-income homeownership. Philadelphia PA: Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.

———. 2005. Building a better urban future: new directions for housing policies in weak market cities. Montclair, NJ: National Housing Institute, Community Development Partners’ Network, The Enterprise Foundation, and Local Initiatives Support Corporation.

McKnight, Albert J. 2011. Whistling in the wind: The autobiography of Fr. Albert J. McKnight. Opelousas, LA: Southern Development Foundation, Inc.

Mills, Stephanie. 2010.  On Gandhi's path: Bob Swann's work for peace and community economics. Gabriola Island, BC: New Society Publishers.

Morgan, Arthur E. 1942. The small community. Yellow Springs OH: Community Services.

Nembhard, Jessica Gordon. 2006. Principles and strategies for reconstruction: models of African American community-based cooperative economic development. Harvard Journal of African American Public Policy, Vol. XII, 39-55.

Newkirk II, Vann R. 2019. The great land robbery. The Atlantic Monthly (September).

O’Donnell, Edward. 2015. Henry George and the crisis of inequality: Progress and Poverty in the Gilded Age. New York: Columbia University Press.

Penniman, Leah. 2018. Farming while black. White River Junction VT: Chelsea Green Publishing.

Ross, Philip and Yves Cabannes. 2013. 21st Century garden cities of to-morrow: How to become a garden city (fourth edition). Published at www.Lulu.com.

Sharp, Bill. 2014. Ralph Borsodi: Prophet of decentralization. http://newschoolofliving.blogspot.com/

Sherrod, Shirley. 2012. The courage to hope: how I stood up to the politics of fear. New York: ATRIA Books.

———. 2019. The struggle for the land: A story from America’s Black Belt. Nonprofit Quarterly (May 20): https://nonprofitquarterly.org/2019/05/20/the-struggle-for-the-land-a-story-from-americas-black-belt/

Talbert, Roy. 1987. FDR's utopian: Arthur Morgan of the TVA. Oxford: University of Mississippi Press.

Tawney, R.H. 1920. “Property and Creative Work,” The acquisitive society. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.

Vitek William and Wes Jackson (eds.). 1996. Rooted in the land: essays on community and place. New Haven CT: Yale University Press.

Von Hassell, M. 1996. Homesteading in New York City, 1978–1993: the divided heart of Loisaida. Westport, CT: Bergin & Garvey.

Wiley, Liz Alden. 2018. Collective ownership in the 21st Century: overview of global trends. Land 7 (2).

------ 2020. Challenges for the new kid on the block – collective property. Chapter 5 in J.E. Davis, Line Algoed, and Maria E. Hernandez-Torrales (eds.). On common ground: international perspectives on the community land trust. Madison, WI: Terra Nostra Press.

Zinn, Howard. 1967. Albany, Georgia: Ghost in the cage. Part Three in The southern mystique. Chicago IL: Haymarket Books.

 

Websites

 

Arc of Justice website: www.arcofjusticefilm.org

Canadian CLT Network: http://www.communityland.ca/what-is-a-clt/

Center for Community Land Trust Innovation: www.cltweb.org

Equity Trust: http://equitytrust.org/

Grounded Solutions Network (formerly National CLT Network, USA): www.groundedsolutions.org

 

National CLT Network (UK): http://www.communitylandtrusts.org.uk/

Roots & Branches: www.cltroots.org

Schumacher Center for a New Economics: http://www.centerforneweconomics.org/

Sustainable Housing for Inclusive and Cohesive Cities (SHICC): https://www.nweurope.eu/projects/project-search/shicc-sustainable-housing-for-inclusive-and-cohesive-cities/

Terra Nostra Press: https://cltweb.org/terra-nostra-press/